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International Research Project

CLIVAR

(Climate Variability and Predictability)

CLIVAR started in 1995 as a successive programme of TOGA (Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere) and WOCE (World Ocean Circulation Experiment) in WCRP (World Climate Research Programme). CLIVAR acts for assessment and prediction of global climate change, being composed of three streams of global ocean-atmosphere-land system, decadal-to-centennial global variability and predictability, and anthropogenic climate change.

CMarZ

(Census of Marine Zooplankton)

CMarZ is a field project of the Census of Marine Life. CMarZ will work toward a taxonomically comprehensive assessment of biodiversity of animal plankton throughout the world ocean. The project goal is to produce accurate and complete information on zooplankton species diversity, biomass, biogeographical distribution, genetic diversity, and community structure by 2010.

GEOTRACES

GEOTRACES, an international program in marine geochemistry, following the GEOSECS program in the 1970s, is one of the large-scale scientific program in SCOR since 2003. Its mission is to identify processes and quantify fluxes that control the distributions of key trace elements and isotopes in the ocean, and to elucidate response patterns of these distributions to changing environmental conditions.

GLOBEC

(Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics)

GLOBEC is IGBP core project which was initiated by SCOR and the IOC of UNESCO in 1991, to understand how global change will affect the abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations comprising a major component of oceanic ecosystems.

GOOS

(Global Ocean Observing System)

GOOS is an International initiative to establish global ocean observing system for a wide range of purposes including studies of global change, activities of marine environment protection and so on. It has been promoted by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO and other related international organizations since 1993.

IGBP

(International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme)

Ocean domain core projects of IGBP(International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme) Consist of Intergated Marine Biochemistry and Ecosystem Research(IMBER) and Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics(GLOBEC). In addition, two interface core projects, i.e., Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study(SOLAS) and Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone(LOICZ), are also close to our study. Staff of AORI have been actively involved in these projects at both domestic and international levels.

IMBER

(Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research)

IMBER is a new IGBP-SCOR project focusing on ocean biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems. The IMBER vision is to provide a comprehensive understanding of, and accurate predictive capacity for, ocean responses to accelerating global change and the consequent effects on the Earth System and human society.

InterRidge

InterRidge is an international and interdisciplinary initiative concerned with all aspects of midocean ridges. It is designed to encourage scientific and logistical coordination, with particular focus on problems that cannot be addressed as efficiently by nations acting alone or in limited partnerships.

IODP

(Integrated Ocean Drilling Program)

Using the world's most advanced drilling vessel"CHIKYU"constructed in Japan and the US riserless drilling vessel, an international joint research expedition is being undertaken to create new theories about the Earth and to try to contribute to the future safety of Japan and humankind. This program established in October 2003, and Japan is fulfilling a central role in the promotion of this project.

JSPS Multilateral Core University Program

The project"Coastal Oceanography"has been conducted with cooperation of domestic and international institutes from five Asian countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam) on the following research items; (1) Water circulation and the process of material transport, (2) Ecology of harmful marine microalgae, (3) Biodiversity, and (4) Marine pollution and ecological impact in the East and the Southeast Asia.

JST-MOST

(Japan Science and Technology Agency & the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China Strategic Japanese-Chinese Cooperative Program on“Climate Change”and Chinese-Japanese cooperative research on regional climate effects on the impoundment process of the Three Gorges Reservoir)

This project aims to gain knowledge about regional climate change over the TGR area by understanding the climate effect of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR), especially through feedback from precipitation, air temperature and wind. We intend to assess the influence of the TGR on extreme weather and climate events, especially on floods and drought, and to do simulations of the regional climate in in TGR region with consideration of global warming and enhancement of the ability to do research on regional climate change. We also aim to strengthen multilateral cooperation by opening up new opportunities for the export and transfer of
environmental technology.

PICES

(North Pacific Marine Science Organization)

PICES is an intergovernmental scientific organization established in 1992 to promote and coordinate marine research in the northern North Pacific and adjacent seas. PICES is a Pacific equivalent of the North Atlantic ICES(International Council for the Exploration of the Seas). Its present members are Canada, Japan, People's Republic of China, Republic of Korea, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America.

SOLAS

(Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study)

SOLAS is aimed to achieve quantitative understanding of the key biogeochemical-physical interactions and feedbacks between the ocean and atmosphere, and how this coupled system affects and is affected by climate and environmental change. In 2005, the cruises related SOLAS activity were carried out in the North Pacific.

UNEP/ABC

(Atmospheric Brown Cloud Project)

The aim of the project is to better understand the science and the impacts of the Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) in order to provide a scientific basis for informed decision making.

WCRP

(World Climate Research Programme)

The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) improves climate predictions and our understanding of human influences on climate through observations and modeling of the Earth system and with policy-relevant assessments of climate conditions.

WESTPAC

(Programme of Research for the Western Pacific)

WESTPAC is a regional subprogram of IOC to promote oceanographic researches and capacity building in marine sciences in the Western Pacific Region. It was initiated in early 1970s and the steering committee for WESTPAC was upgraded to one of the Sub-Commission of IOC in 1989.